Us Korea Sofa Agreement
Under the latest one-year deal reached in February 2019, South Korea agreed to increase its contribution to just under 1.04 trillion won ($927 million), an increase of about $70.3 million from the previous agreement. Article V of the agreement states that the United States will bear all maintenance costs of U.S. troops, with the exception of those borne by South Korea, including the provision and compensation of “all facilities and all areas and rights of way.” In previous cost-sharing agreements, South Korea paid for only three categories: personnel costs of South Korean workers hired by U.S. troops, military construction costs such as building facilities inside U.S. bases, and military support expenses, for example. B for services and materials. According to the South Korean Defense Ministry, about 28,500 U.S. troops are deployed in South Korea. Negotiations on South Korea`s contribution for next year are ongoing. In 1966, the two countries signed the Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA), which establishes the rules for and protection of U.S. personnel stationed in South Korea.
At the end of the Korean War of 1950-1953, the United States and South Korea signed a mutual defense treaty in which the two countries agreed that collective self-defense should be threatened either in the Pacific region. The agreement served as the basis for the deployment of US forces in South Korea. Below are details of their security arrangements, military discussions on cost-sharing, and the presence of U.S. troops in South Korea. SEOUL (Reuters) – The 70-year security alliance between the United States and South Korea is receiving new attention, with Washington seeking a significantly larger share of the costs Seoul faces of hosting U.S. troops as a deterrent against North Korea. To determine South Korea`s contribution to U.S. costs. The troops described in SOFA have signed 10 Special Measures Agreements (SMAAs) since 1991, usually for several years. According to South Korea`s defense white paper, personnel costs amounted to about 37 percent, construction costs amounted to 45 percent, and the rest was for military support costs of about 332 billion won in 2015.
The U.S. first asked South Korea to pay $5 billion, a five-fold jump, a South Korean lawmaker said after talks with senior U.S. officials. U.S. forces in Korea operate about 90 fighter jets, 40 helicopter gunships and about sixty Patriot rocket launchers, according to South Korea`s Defense White Paper released in December. Major bases include the U.S. Army Garrison Humphreys in Pyeongtaek, south of Seoul, the U.S. Army Garrison Yongsan in central Seoul, and Camp Walker in Daegu, southeast of Seoul. The U.S. Air Force has two bases in Osan and Gunsan, south of Seoul. Our standards: Thomson Reuters Trust Principles. The United States is targeting an additional category of costs that South Korea will have to pay in the ongoing negotiations, South Korea`s foreign minister said, without elaborating.
U.S. President Donald Trump has previously called the presence and activities of U.S. troops in and around South Korea “$5 billion worth of protection.” It is the third largest U.S. troop presence outside the continental U.S. after Japan and Germany, according to data from the U.S. Defense Manpower Data Center. According to the latest weekly data from the U.S. Forces in Korea, the Army had deployed about 19,500 troops to South Korea, the Air Force about 7,800 aircraft and women, the Navy about 350 sailors, and the Marine Corps about 120 Marines.